Archive for the History Category

The village of Kirkjubaejarklaustur

Posted on August 8, 2010 by

Road N. 1, that goes by the Ocean in the South, enters a waste land surrounded by mountains and the sea, that offers to tourists that astonishing contrast between the black rocks and the green of the arctic moss that covers them. The only settlement of the area is Kirkjubaejarklaustur, a small village of 150 […]

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The reawaken of Iceland after 1000

Posted on March 3, 2010 by

Starting form the XI century, the government got stronger and stronger, the economy developed and the inhabitants started feeling a united people. The yearly meeting of the Alþing became the center of social life for the whole island the meeting was the occasion to develop business, solve quarrels, execute death penalties, meet new people and […]

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Husavík

Posted on February 26, 2010 by

Húsavík was founded by a Swedish Viking, Garðar Svavarsson, known as Flok the Grey. He arrived in front of the Icelandic coasts around 870a.C; he circumnavigated this land, at that time known as Snæland (Land of Snow), and realized that it was indeed an island. He spent the winter in the area of Husavík and […]

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The era of the Icelandic saga

Posted on February 20, 2010 by

Between 1100 and 1200, in Iceland flourished the literature of the Sagas- epic tales about the origins of the Icelandic people. The themes of these works of art are family wars, love stories, deeds of heroes, tragedies. In the Twelfth century Ari Þorgilsson, called the Wise, wrote the Íslendingabók, where he told the story of […]

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The religious disputes of the Icelandic History

Posted on February 15, 2010 by

Around the year 1000, the people of Iceland was divided between two religions: the ancient polytheist religion of the first Scandinavian settlers and the new Christian religion. The Alþing intervened to settle the first quarrels: the Parliament declared that Iceland would adhere to the Christian religion, allowing anyway anybody to practice his own creed, also […]

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The Alþing, the Icelandic Parliament

Posted on February 4, 2010 by

The Alþing (National Assembly) was born at the beginning of X century with legislative and judicial tasks. Þorsteinn Ingólfsson, son of Ingólfur, called the first assembly in the area of Reykjavik. Afterwards, the Icelanders looked for a more appropriate place and found it in the Bláskógar plane, since then called Þingvellir, i.e. the Assembly’s plane. […]

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The first political and economical organizations in Iceland

Posted on January 24, 2010 by

Since the arrival of Ingólfur Arnarson, the number of farmers increased more and more. At the beginning the agreements among the landlords, that had become owners of wide regions, occurred on the territorial level. Afterwards, a higher organization was established and a few members of the tyranny from which the Icelanders had previously run away, […]

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Egilsstaðir

Posted on November 20, 2009 by

Egilsstaðir is a cute village standing on a lake, which has of course a curious legend! The story tells that Huggy lived near the lake; he owned many servants, but even more horses. Among these animals, he had his favourite, the fastest and the most beautiful one, and nobody was allowed to ride it besides […]

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The Fjord of the French

Posted on November 7, 2009 by

Fáskrúðsfjörður is one of the eastern fjords in Iceland. The name stands for “Fjord of the French”. In this area there used to be a French community, very active in trade. The French were so much part of the life here, that nowadays streets names are written in both Icelandic and French, and a few […]

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Yule Lads, the boys of the long Icelandic Christmas

Posted on October 30, 2009 by

The Jólasveinar (Christmas boys), or Yule Lads, are fairy creatures, part of the Icelandic tradition. They are 13 brothers, children of Grýla e Leppalúði- two trolls living by the Mývatn lake, nearby Ludentsborgir. Gryla is a character belonging to the ancient beliefs, it’s mentioned also in the Edda; it is famous as the “Children- eater”; […]

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